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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

MATHUEA.                                                           5
us part of the nave and a small section of the chancel arcL—the one, we presume,
which offended the splenetic engineer. The roof of the nave is vaulted^ and the
clerestory is lighted by circular windows. It is the pillars, however, which arrest one's
attention, the capitals and shaits being of purely oriental design. The effect is, to
our mind, most graceful The south aisle is lighted by pointed windows, and on the
panels between are the Stations of the Cross, surrounded again by oriental tracery.
Through a gothic archway in the south-east comer we catch a glimpse of the Lady
Chape! and its altar. The exterior of the chapel, though complete in essentials, is
architecturally unfinished "We regret that it is likely to remaia so, because this
incompleteness detracts considerably from the general effect. In spite, however, of
drawbacks the exterior of the Mathura chapel is singularly pleasing. We fear we
speak somewhat vaguely when we say that there is a peculiar mellowness about it—an
effect which we doubt not is the result of good proportions and an absence of mere
meretricious ornament. ^-Indo-European Correspondence.
We do not hesitate t© affirm that Mr. Growse's work is decidedly the bast and
most interesting of the local histories yet published. He is an accomplished scholar
and a well-known archaeologist and antiquarian; his long residence at Mathura gave
Mm ample opportunities for collecting valuable materials. After.the publication of
the first edition of his Memoir Mr. Growse remained atMathurifor nearly three years
longer, during which time he added largely to his stock of local information. This
information he has utilised by bringing out a revised and enlarged edition of his work
This edition is adorned with beautiful illustrations, the cost of which, Mr. G-rowse
tells us in his preface, has been defrayed by the millionaire and public-spirited
Seths of Mathura.—Hindu Patriot,
These two historical and archaeological chapters are unquestionably among the
"best and most interesting of the Memoir ; though, indeed, it is difficult to single out
any particular chapters for special praise, as the subject of almost every chapter has
its own interest, and every one is treated by the author with a fulness and thorough-
ness which seemingly leaves nothing to be desired. One chapter, however, must not
"be passed over without special mention. It is the twelfth or last of the first part,
and treats of u the etymology of local names in Northern Indi% as exemplified in the
district of Mathura." The subject is not altogether new ; on the contrary it has
given rise to a vast number of speculations, but most of those hitberto put forth have
been of the most haphazard description. The present is the first attempt, on &
larger scale, to attack the problem in a scientific spirit and on consistent and well*
founded historical and grammatical principles. The general position that the au-
thor maintains is that " local names in Upper India are, as a rule, of no very remote
2